ĚČăĐ╔šă° the Project
In Togo, agriculture employs two-thirds of the population and accounts for about 41% of the GDP. Yields have been consistently low for food crops and the performance of the main export crops (cotton, coffee, and cocoa) has been deteriorating. Meat and fish production is also low and the country relies on imports to make up for its food deficit. Rural infrastructure is scarce, poorly maintained, and a major constraint to growth. Key challenges also include weak institutional capacities, insufficient coordination, and weak service delivery due to a deteriorated business climate. An assessment by the WFP showed that coping strategies included adults reducing their daily food intake in favor of children, downgrading the nutritional quality of the main meal, eating seeds stocked for the next season, and selling livestock.
The Rural Development Support╠řProject (PADAT) invested╠ř$19.86 million to contribute to improving food security and incomes of smallholder farmers through the development of the rice, maize,╠řand cassava value chains. This objective was attained╠řthrough increased production and productivity as well╠řas through the improved processing and marketing of╠řcrops. In addition, PADAT mainstreamed climate╠řchange adaptation into its interventions through╠řcollaboration with the Global Environment Facility.
GAFSP Funding Amount19.86
At the end of the project, IFAD rated the╠řprojected as Moderately Unsatisfactory. Some╠řactivities, such as the distribution of the Quick Start╠řKits, achieved their intended objectives focused on the╠řimprovement of production and productivity of maize╠řand rice. However, value-addition activities were less╠řsuccessful as the quality of some imported equipment╠řdid not meet the needs of the beneficiaries and most╠řof the markets built were not yet operational at the╠řend of the project.
By the end of the project, PADAT╠řhad reached over 327,740 beneficiaries, of whom╠řabout half were women. For the beneficiaries of the╠řsuccessfully implemented Quick Start Kits, (i) food╠řinsecurity was reduced by at least 1 month per year╠řand in some regions by 1.5 months, (ii) the share of╠řchildren with chronic malnutrition decreased from 37.9╠řpercent to 24.6 percent from 2012 to 2016, (iii) the rate╠řof households with months of food insecurity decreased from 84 percent in 2012 to 62 percent in 2016,╠ř(iv) and the total production of rice and maize grew╠řfrom 704.56 kg/producer in 2011 to 1,504.9 kg/╠řproducer in 2016 for maize and from 668 kg/producer╠řin 2011 to 1,057.6 kg/producer in 2016 for rainfed rice.╠ř
The weak╠řcoordination of PADATÔÇÖs numerous financial partners╠ř(IFAD, GAFSP, GEF, West African Development Bank╠ř(BOAD), and ECOWAS Bank for Investment and╠řDevelopment (EBID)) was the main cause of the poor economic performance of the supported value chains.╠řThe combination of Quick Start Kits and warrantage╠řwas an effective approach to improving the resilience╠řof vulnerable groups to market price fluctuations.╠řFinally, and (iii) on the replenishment of the Quick Start╠řKits, a mechanism to ensure sustainable access to╠řinputs for the most vulnerable was needed given the╠řrisk of a gradual erosion of the rate of recovery in the╠řabsence of a systematic anchoring of Quick Start Kit╠řbeneficiaries in cooperatives and their umbrella╠řorganizations.
GAFSP Coordination Unit